Hence we see how wide of the mark are the attempts to limit religion to the exercise of a desk particular faculty, or to identify it with ritual or with ethical conduct. Religion is not adequately described as "the knowledge acquired by the finite spirit of its essence as absolute spirit" ( Hegel nor as "the perception of the infinite " (Max Muller nor as "a determination of man's feeling of absolute dependence" (Schleiermacher nor as "the. These definitions, in so far as they are true, are only partial characterizations of religion. Religion answers to a deeply felt need in the heart of man. Above the needs of the individual are the needs of the family, and higher still are the needs of the clan and people. On the welfare of the people depends that of the individual. Hence we find that religion in its outward worship is to a large extent a social function. The chief rites are public rites, performed in the name, and for the benefit, of the whole community.
The need of divine help gives rise to the longing for communion with God. The recognized possibility of attaining this end engenders hope. The consciousness of acquired friendship with a protector so good and resume powerful excites joy. The obtaining of benefits in answer to prayer prompts to thankfulness. The immensity of God's power and wisdom calls up feelings of awe. The consciousness of having offended and estranged Him, and of thus deserving punishment, leads to fear and sorrow and the desire of reconciliation. Crowning all is the emotion of love springing from the contemplation of God's wonderful goodness and excellence.
But even in primitive. Buddhism communion with the gods of, india was retained as an element of lay belief and aspiration, and it was only by substituting the ideal of divine communion for that of Nirvana that Buddhism became a popular religion. Thus, in its strictest sense, religion on its subjective side is the disposition to acknowledge our dependence on God, and on the objective side it is the voluntary acknowledgement of that dependence through acts of homage. It calls into play not simply the will, but the intellect, the imagination, and the emotions. Without the conception of personal deity, religion would not exist. The recognition of the unseen world stirs the imagination. The emotions, too, are called into exercise.
The religion of, buddhism, religious Tolerance
Religion is essentially a personal relation, the relation of the subject and creature, man, to his Lord and Creator, god. Religion may thus be defined as the voluntary subjection of oneself to, god, that hall is to the free, supernatural, being (or beings) on whom review man is conscious of being dependent, of whose powerful help he feels the need, and in whom he recognizes the source. It is a voluntary turning to, god. In the last analysis it is an act of the will. In other words it is a virtue, since it is an act of the will inclining man to observe the right order, springing from his dependence. 1) defines religion as "virtus per quam homines deo debitum cultum et reverentiam exhibent" (the virtue which prompts man to render.
God the worship and reverence that is His by right). The end of religion is filial communion with. God, in which we honour and revere him as our supreme lord, love, him as our Father, and find in that reverent service of filial love our true perfection and happiness. Bliss-giving communion with the sovereign deity is, as has been pointed out, the end of all religions. Buddhism, with its aim to secure unconscious repose (Nirvana) through personal effort independently of divine aid, seems to be an exception.
By explaining the profound error contained in this question (ch. Table of Contents, table of Contents, introduction by leonard peikoff. Part One: Philosophy Introducing Objectivism review of Aristotle by john Herman Randall,. To young Scientists Who Is the final Authority in Ethics? The Psychology of Psychologizing Altruism as Appeasement The question of Scholarships Of living death Religion.
America by leonard peikoff Part Two: Culture The Intellectual Bankruptcy of Our Age our Cultural Value-deprivation Global Balkanization How to read (and Not to Write) The lessons of vietnam The sanction of the victims Through your Most Grievous fault Apollo 11 Epitaph for a culture. My thirty years With Ayn Rand: An Intellectual Memoir by leonard peikoff (Softcover; 353 pages) Additional Resources. From what has been said it is plain that the concept of deity required for religion is that of a free personality. The error of mistaking many nature-deities for the one true god vitiates, but does not destroy, religion. But religion ceases to exist where,. Pantheism, the deity is pronounced to be devoid of all consciousness. A deity without personality is no more capable of awakening the sense of religion in the heart of man than is the all-pervading ether or the universal force of gravitation.
Buddhism can be as violent as any other religion, aeon Essays
Culpability for the death of Marilyn Monroe (ch. 16 rand argues, rests with anyone who has ever felt and given voice to a resentment against human achievement. The enduring tragedy of American businessmen, she explains (ch. 15 is that they report lend moral (and financial) support to their own destroyers. The voice of reason also features a number of landmark essays on philosophy and its relation to human life. Rand discusses religion s war on human life (ch. 8 considers the progressive psychological damage incurred by men who embrace the ethics of altruism (ch. 6 and responds to the popular question Who decides what is right or wrong?
uncompromising advocate for reason and self-interest. That commitment to rationality informs Rands distinctive intellectual approach, manifest in the essays in this book: she penetrates to the timeless, fundamental ideas underlying a given event, movement, or issue. In The lessons of vietnam, for example, rand argues (ch. 14) that the fundamental failure of that war lay not with Americas military, but with its morally bankrupt intellectual and political leaders. Discussing the persistence of world hunger (ch. 28 she notes that its cause is not a shortage of Western financial support, but a shortage in the Third World of Western ideas.
On the need to Emphasize quality in peer review the Impact of Fraudulent Research: a citation Perspective on the Breuning Case introduction to paper. Welljams-Dorof: The Impact of Fraudulent Research on the Scientific small Literature - the Stephen. Reprinted with permission from jama, the journal of the American Medical Association, ; 263(10). training Our Cites on the Stars: Helmut Abt's Observations on Astrosociology. Age and Productivity, peer review, and Big Science/Little Science introduction to helmut Abt's essay on : The Use of Publication Studies to Affect Policies and Attitudes in Astronomy. Part 1 requiring Standards for Scientific journals Has Come of Age introduction . Herxheimer's essay on: make scientific journals More responsive-and Responsible.
What is religion?, religious Tolerance
Eugene garfield, essays on Faculty evaluations / peer review / Refereeing. Faculty evaluations: How to use citation Analysis for faculty evaluations, and when homework is it relevant? (Essays / Volume 6,.354, 1983) how to use citation Analysis for faculty evaluations, and when is it relevant? (Essays / Volume 6,.363, 1983) peer review / Refereeing: Refereeing and peer review. Opinion and Conjecture on the Effectiveness of Refereeing refereeing and peer review. The research on Refereeing and Alternatives to the Present System refereeing and peer review. How the peer review of research-grant proposals works and what scientists say about it refereeing and peer review. Research on the peer review of grant proposals and suggestions for improvement despite problems with peer review, science publishing is healthier than ever Why Scientific Publishing Should be audited religion, rebel Scientists, And peer review: Three hot Topics opting Out of the numbers Game.