25 Some tales gpa raised the question of whether mermaids had immortal souls, answering in the negative. The figure of lí ban appears as a sanctified mermaid, but she was a human being transformed into a mermaid. After three centuries, when Christianity had come to Ireland, she was baptized. The Irish mermaid is called merrow in tales such as "Lady of Gollerus" published in the 19th century. In Scottish mythology, a ceasg is a fresh-water mermaid, though little beside the term has been preserved in folklore. 28 Mermaids from the Isle of Man, known as ben-varrey, are considered more favorable toward humans than those of other regions, 29 with various accounts of assistance, gifts and rewards. One story tells of a fisherman who carried a stranded mermaid back into the sea and was rewarded with the location of treasure. Another recounts the tale of a baby mermaid who stole a doll from a human little girl, but was rebuked by her mother and sent back to the girl with a gift of a pearl necklace to atone for the theft.
22 But mermaids could occasionally be more beneficent;. G., teaching humans cures for certain diseases. Mermen have been described as wilder and uglier than mermaids, with little interest in humans. According to legend, a mermaid came to the cornish village of Zennor where she used to listen to the singing of a chorister, matthew Trewhella. The two fell essay in love, and Matthew went with the mermaid to her home at Pendour cove. On summer nights, the lovers can be heard singing together. At the Church of saint Senara in Zennor, there is a famous chair decorated by a mermaid carving which is probably six hundred years old.
17 British Isles For more on the Irish mermaid, see merrow. 16th century zennor mermaid chair The norman chapel in Durham Castle, built around 1078 by saxon stonemasons, has what is probably the earliest surviving artistic depiction of a mermaid in England. 18 It can be seen on a south-facing capital above one of the original Norman stone pillars. 19 Mermaids appear in British folklore as unlucky omens, both foretelling disaster and provoking. Several variants of the ballad Sir Patrick Spens depict a mermaid speaking to the doomed ships. In some versions, she tells them they will never see land again; in others, she claims they are near shore, which they are wise enough to know means the same thing. Mermaids can also be a sign of approaching rough weather, 21 and some have been described as monstrous in size, up to 2,000 feet (610 m). Mermaids have also been described as able to swim up rivers to freshwater lakes. In one story, the laird of Lorntie went to aid a woman he thought was drowning in a lake near his house; a servant of his pulled him back, warning that it was a mermaid, and the mermaid screamed at them that she would have.
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He comments that the governor of gaul even wrote a letter to Emperor Augustus to inform him. 15 One Thousand and One nights The One Thousand and One nights collection includes several tales featuring "sea people such as "Djullanar the sea-girl". 16 Unlike depictions of mermaids in writing other mythologies, these are anatomically identical to land-bound humans, differing only in their ability to breathe and live underwater. They can (and do) interbreed with land humans, and the children of such unions have the ability to live underwater. In the tale " Abdullah the fisherman and Abdullah the merman the protagonist Abdullah the fisherman gains the ability to breathe underwater and discovers an underwater society that is portrayed as an inverted reflection of society on land. The underwater society follows a form of primitive communism where concepts like money and clothing do not exist.
In " The Adventures of Bulukiya the protagonist Bulukiya's quest for the herb of immortality leads him to explore the seas, where he encounters societies of mermaids. 16 due to their vaguely anthropomorphic shape, dried skates have long been described as mermaids. Often their appearance is deliberately modified to make them look even more human. In Europe, dried skates, sometimes called devil fish, (not to be confused with devil fish or devil rays, two species of ray native to the north Atlantic) were displayed as mermaids, your angels, demons, or basilisks. In Britain they are known as Jenny hanivers, perhaps in reference to Antwerp, where they were made by sailors. Dried skates are also known in Mexico, where they are believed to have magical powers, and are used in healing rituals.
A popular Greek legend turned Alexander the Great 's sister, Thessalonike, into a mermaid after her death, 11 living in the aegean. She would ask the sailors on any ship she would encounter only one question: "Is King Alexander alive?" ( Greek : "Ζει ο Βασιλεύς Αλέξανδρος to which the correct answer was: "He lives and reigns and conquers the world" (Greek: "Ζει και βασιλεύει και τον. This answer would please her, and she would accordingly calm the waters and bid the ship farewell. Any other answer would enrage her, and she would stir up a terrible storm, dooming the ship and every sailor on board. 12 13 In the second century ad, the hellenized Syrian writer Lucian of Samosata wrote about the syrian temples he had visited in his treatise On the syrian Goddess, which was originally written in Ionic Greek : "Among them Now that is the traditional story.
But other men swear that Semiramis of Babylonia, whose deeds are many in Asia, also founded this site, and not for Hera but for her own mother, whose name was Derketo." "I saw Derketo's likeness in Phoenicia, a strange marvel. It is woman for half its length; but the other half, from thighs to feet, stretched out in a fish's tail. But the image in the holy city is entirely a woman, and the grounds for their account are not very clear. They consider fish to be sacred, and they never eat them; and though they eat all other fowls they do not eat the dove, for they believe it is holy. And these things are done, they believe, because of Derketo and Semiramis, the first because derketo has the shape of a fish, and the other because ultimately semiramis turned into a dove. Well, i may grant that the temple was a work of Semiramis perhaps; but that it belongs to derketo i do not believe in any way. For among the Egyptians some people do not eat fish, and that is not done to honor Derketo." 14 In his Natural History.4.9-11, Pliny the Elder describes numerous sightings of mermaids off the coast of gaul, noting that their bodies were covered all over.
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8 The name add for the mermaid figure may have been kuliltu, meaning "fish-woman". 8 Such figures were used in neo-assyrian art as protective figures 8 and were shown in both monumental sculpture and in small, protective figurines. 8 The first known mermaid stories appeared in Assyria. The goddess Atargatis, mother of Assyrian queen Semiramis, loved a mortal (a shepherd) and unintentionally killed him. Ashamed, she jumped into a lake and took the form of a fish, but the waters would not conceal her divine beauty. Thereafter, she took the form of a mermaid — human above the waist, fish below — although the earliest representations of Atargatis showed her as a fish with a human head and arm, similar to the babylonian god. 9 The Greeks recognized Atargatis under the name derketo. 10 Sometime before 546 bc, milesian philosopher Anaximander postulated that mankind had sprung from an aquatic animal species. He thought that humans, who begin life with prolonged infancy, could not have survived otherwise.
4 Sirenomelia sirenomelia, also called "mermaid syndrome is a rare congenital disorder in which a child is born with his or her legs fused together and small genitalia. This condition is about as rare as conjoined twins, affecting one movie out of every 100,000 live births 5 and is usually fatal within a day or two of birth because of kidney and bladder complications. Four survivors were known as of July 2003. 6 Folklore As the anthropologist. Asbjørn Jøn noted: "these 'marine beasts' have featured in folk tradition for many centuries now, and until relatively recently they have maintained a reasonably standard set of characteristics. Many folklorists and mythographers deem that the origin of the mythic mermaid is the dugong, posing a theory that mythicised tales have been constructed around early sightings of dugongs by sailors." 7 near East, Ancient Greece depictions of entities with the tails of fish, but. 8 These figures are usually mermen, but mermaids do occasionally appear.
in Old English was merewif. 2 They are conventionally depicted as beautiful with long flowing hair. 1 As cited above, they are sometimes equated with the sirens of Greek mythology (especially the Odyssey half-bird femmes fatales whose enchanting voices would lure soon-to-be-shipwrecked sailors to nearby rocks, sandbars or shoals. 3 Sirenia sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps and marine wetlands. Sirenians, including manatees and dugongs, possess major aquatic adaptations: arms used for steering, a paddle used for propulsion, and remnants of hind limbs (legs) in the form of two small bones floating deep in the muscle. They look ponderous and clumsy but are actually fusiform, hydrodynamic and highly muscular, and mariners before the mid-nineteenth century referred to them as mermaids.
Although traditions about and sightings of mermen are less common than those of mermaids, they are generally assumed to co-exist with their female counterparts. Some of the attributes of mermaids may have been influenced by the. Sirens of, greek mythology. Historical accounts of mermaids, such make as those reported. Christopher Columbus during his exploration of the caribbean, may have been inspired by manatees and similar aquatic mammals. While there is no evidence that mermaids exist outside folklore, reports of mermaid sightings continue to the present day, including 21st century examples from Israel and Zimbabwe. Mermaids have been a popular subject of art and literature in recent centuries, such. Hans Christian Andersen 's well-known fairy tale the little mermaid " (1836).
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For other uses, see, mermaid (disambiguation). In folklore, a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. 1, mermaids appear in the folklore of many cultures worldwide, including the near East, europe, asia, and Africa. The first stories appeared in ancient. Assyria, in which mattress the goddess, atargatis transformed herself into a mermaid out of shame for accidentally killing her human lover. Mermaids are sometimes associated with perilous events such as floods, storms, shipwrecks, and drownings. In other folk traditions (or sometimes within the same tradition they can be benevolent or beneficent, bestowing boons or falling in love with humans. The male equivalent of the mermaid is the merman, also a familiar figure in folklore and heraldry.